This lesson covers the electoral process. The topics discussed include: Why is the nominating process a critical first step in the election process? What are self-announcement, the caucus, and the convention nominating methods? What are the different types of direct primaries? Why do some candidates use the petition as a nominating device? How does the administration of elections in the United States make democracy work? What role do precincts and polling places play in the election process? In what ways can voters cast their ballots? What role do voting machines and other innovations play in the election process? What are the issues raised with campaign spending? What are the sources of campaign funding? How do federal laws regulate campaign finance? What loopholes exist in today's campaign finance laws?