# PO4 3- Lewis Structure: How to Draw the Lewis Structure for PO4 3-

631.6 K

0

A step-by-step explanation of how to draw the PO43- Lewis Dot Structure (Phosphate ion). For the PO4 3- structure use the periodic table to find the total number of valence electrons for the PO4 3- molecule. Once we know how many valence electrons there are in PO4 3- we can distribute them around the central atom with the goal of filling the outer shells of each atom. In the Lewis structure of PO4 3- structure there are a total of 32 valence electrons. PO4 3- is also called Phosphate ion. Note that PO4 3- can have an Expanded Octet and have more than eight valence electrons. Because of this there may be several possible Lewis Structures. To arrive at the most favorable Lewis Structure we need to consider formal charges. See how to calculate formal charges: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vOFAPlq4y_k -----Lewis Resources----- • Lewis Structures Made Simple: https://youtu.be/1ZlnzyHahvo • More practice: https://youtu.be/DQclmBeIKTc • Counting Valence Electrons: https://youtu.be/VBp7mKdcrDk • Calculating Formal Charge: https://youtu.be/vOFAPlq4y_k • Exceptions to the Octet Rule: https://youtu.be/Dkj-SMBLQzM ---Steps to Write Lewis Structure for compounds like PO4 3---- 1. Find the total valence electrons for the PO4 3- molecule. 2. Put the least electronegative atom in the center. Note: Hydrogen (H) always goes outside. 3. Put two electrons between atoms to form a chemical bond. 4. Complete octets on outside atoms. 5. If central atom does not have an octet, move electrons from outer atoms to form double or triple bonds. Lewis Structures are important to learn because they help us understand how atoms and electrons are arranged in a molecule, such as Phosphate ion. This can help us determine the molecular geometry, how the molecule might react with other molecules, and some of the physical properties of the molecule (like boiling point and surface tension). Chemistry help at https://www.Breslyn.org